What you need to know about the European Union.

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.


The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.


EU member countries in brief

 


Capital cities
1

Austria

Flag of Austria


Capital cities
  • Capital: Vienna

  • Official EU language(s): German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995

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Capital cities
2

Belgium

Flag of Belgium


Capital cities
  • Capital: Brussels

  • Official EU language(s): Dutch, French and German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958

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Capital cities
3

Bulgaria

Flag of bulgaria


Capital cities
  • Capital: Sofia

  • Official EU language(s): Bulgarian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 2007

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
4

Croatia

Flag of Croatia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Zagreb

  • Official EU language(s): Croatian
  • EU member country: since 1 July 2013

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Capital cities
5

Cyprus

Flag of Cyprus


Capital cities

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
6

Czechia

Flag of Czechia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Prague

  • Official EU language(s): Czech
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
7

Denmark

Flag of Denmark


Capital cities
  • Capital: Copenhagen

  • Official EU language(s): Danish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1973
  • Currency: Danish krone DKK. Denmark has negotiated an opt-out from the euro and thus is not obliged to introduce it.

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
8

Estonia

Flag of Estonia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Tallinn

  • Official EU language(s): Estonian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

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Capital cities
9

Finland

Flag of Finland


Capital cities
  • Capital: Helsinki

  • Official EU language(s): Finnish, Swedish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
10

France

Flag of France


Capital cities
  • Capital: Paris

  • Official EU language(s): French
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
11

Germany

Flag of Germany


Capital cities
  • Capital: Berlin

  • Official EU language(s): German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
12

Greece

Flag of Greece


Capital cities
  • Capital: Athens

  • Official EU language(s): Greek
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1981

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Capital cities
13

Hungary

Flag of Hungary


Capital cities
  • Capital: Budapest

  • Official EU language(s): Hungarian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: Hungarian Forint HUF. Hungary is currently preparing to adopt the euro.

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
14

Ireland

Flag of Ireland


Capital cities
  • Capital: Dublin

  • Official EU language(s): Irish, English
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1973

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Capital cities
15

Italy

Flag of Italy


Capital cities
  • Capital: Rome

  • Official EU language(s): Italian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958

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Capital cities
16

Latvia

Flag of Latvia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Riga

  • Official EU language(s): Latvian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
17

Lithuania

Flag of Lithuania


Capital cities
  • Capital: Vilnius

  • Official EU language(s): Lithuanian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
18

Luxembourg

Flag of Luxembourg


Capital cities

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
19

Malta

Flag of Malta


Capital cities
  • Capital: Valletta

  • Official EU language(s): Maltese, English
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
20

Netherlands

Flag of the Netherlands


Capital cities
  • Capital: Amsterdam

  • Official EU language(s): Dutch
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958

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Capital cities
21

Poland

Flag of Poland


Capital cities
  • Capital: Warsaw

  • Official EU language(s): Polish
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: Polish Złoty PLN. Poland is currently preparing to adopt the euro.

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
22

Portugal

Flag of Portugal


Capital cities
  • Capital: Lisbon

  • Official EU language(s): Portuguese
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1986

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
23

Romania

Flag of Romania


Capital cities
  • Capital: Bucharest

  • Official EU language(s): Romanian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 2007
  • Currency: Romanian Leu RON. Romania has committed the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions.

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
24

Slovakia

Flag of Slovakia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Bratislava

  • Official EU language(s): Slovak
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
25

Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia


Capital cities
  • Capital: Ljubljana

  • Official EU language(s): Slovenian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
26

Spain

Flag of Spain


Capital cities
  • Capital: Madrid

  • Official EU language(s): Spanish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1986

  fittotravel Map



Capital cities
27

Sweden

Flag of Sweden


Capital cities
  • Capital: Stockholm

  • Official EU language(s): Swedish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995

  fittotravel Map

The goals of the European Union

The aims of the European Union within its borders are: promote peace, its values and the well-being of its citizens. offer freedom, security and justice without internal borders, while also taking appropriate measures at its external borders to regulate asylum and immigration and prevent and combat crime.


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