Useful country information
Land area: 1,056,636 sq mi (2,736,690 sq km); total area: 1,068,296 sq mi (2,766,890 sq km)
Population (2019 est.): 44.94 (growth rate: .95%); birth rate: 16.88/1000; infant mortality rate: 9.962/1000; life expectancy: 77.51
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Buenos Aires, 13.528 million
Other large cities: Crdoba, 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000 (2011)
Monetary unit: Peso
National name: Repblica Argentina
Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
Ethnicity/race: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
National Holiday: Revolution Day, May 25
Literacy rate: 97.9% (2011 est.)
The Argentine people are a mixture of different national and ethnic groups, with the descendants of Italian and Spanish immigrants being predominant.
Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions.
After World War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976.
In 1982, Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands led to an unsuccessful war with Britain. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in democratic consolidation.
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