Useful country information
Land area: 51,703 sq mi (133,911 sq km); total area: 55,598 sq mi (144,000 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 166,280,712 (growth rate: 1.6%); birth rate: 21.61/1000; infant mortality rate: 45.67/1000; life expectancy: 70.65
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Dhaka, 15.391 million
Other large cities: Chittagong, 5.239 million; Khulna, 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000
Monetary unit: Taka
Principal languages: Bangla (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Religions: Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
National Holiday: Independence Day, March 26
Literacy rate: 57.7% (2011 est.)
The boundaries of modern Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal in August 1947, when British India was separated along religious, linguistic, and cultural lines. The western part of the region became West Bengal, now a state in eastern India, and the eastern part became East Pakistan, as part of the newly formed Dominion of Pakistan.
A pro-democracy movement in East Pakistan that thrived on Bengali nationalism and self-determination led to the Liberation War and eventually the emergence of Bangladesh as a sovereign and independent nation in 1971.
What is Bangladesh famous for?
It is home to the world's largest river delta, which is formed by the Brahmaputra and the Ganges river. Roaming Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans, a mangrove and swampland in the delta. For the longest natural uninterrupted sea beach in Asia (Cox's Bazar beach), which is 150 km long. The Malnicherra Tea Estate, the oldest tea garden in the subcontinent. Ancient historical Panam City. Ilish fish and Muslin gauze like Jamdani.
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