Useful country information
Total area: 290 sq mi (751 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 73,449 (growth rate: 0.22%); birth rate: 15.53.; infant mortality rate: 11.61/1000; life expectancy: 76.59
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Roseau, 14,000
Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar
Languages: English (official) and French patois
Ethnicity/race: black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census)
National Holiday: Independence Day, November 3
Religions: Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 20.6% (Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census)
Literacy rate: 94% (2011 est.)
Dominica is part of the Windward Islands, the southern group of the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans, due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs.
France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years.
Some 3,000 Carib Indians are still living on Dominica, they are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
Windward Islands: Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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