Country's codes

International phone code for Estonia: +372

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: EST

    2 letters (internet domain): .EE

    Digital country code: 233

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 474

Olympic country code: EST

FIFA code: EST


Useful country information

Land area: 16,684 sq mi (43,211 sq km); total area: sq mi (sq km)

Population (2022 est.): 1.329 million

Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Tallinn, 449,000

Capital City
Tallinn: Capital City Profile

Other large city: Tartu, 100,100

Monetary unit:Euro, formerly Kroon

National name: Eesti Vabariik

Current government officials

Languages: Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, February 24

Religions: Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)


Background:

Eastern Europe country bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.
As a result of centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, the idea of an independent Estonian state had already been raised in the late 19th century and came true in 1918 when Estonia attained independence from the Russian Empire. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940, it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. Since April 2004 Estonia is a member of NATO and member of the European Union since May 2004.



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