Georgia

on 29 April 2021


Country's codes

International phone code for Georgia: +995

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: GEO

    2 letters (internet domain): .GE

    Digital country code 286

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 486

Olympic country code: GEO

FIFA code: GEO


Useful country information

Land area: 26,911 sq mi (69,700 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 4,935,880 (growth rate: ?.11%); birth rate: 12.93/1000; infant mortality rate: 16.68/1000; life expectancy: 75.72

Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Tbilisi, 1.15 million

Other large cities: Kutaisi, 268,800; Batoumi, 145,400; and Sokhumi, 110,300

Monetary unit: Lari

National name: Sak'art'velo

Current government officials

Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)

Ethnicity/race: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002)

Religions: Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

Literacy rate: 99.7% (2012 est.)

Background:

Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Russian troops remain garrisoned at four military bases and as peacekeepers in the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia (but are scheduled to withdraw from two of the bases by July 2001).
Ethnic separation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, poor governance, and Russian military bases deny the government effective control over the entirety of the state's internationally recognized territory.
Despite a badly degraded transportation network - brought on by ethnic conflict, criminal activities, and fuel shortages - the country continues to move toward a market economy and greater integration with Western institutions.

Country Map

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Source of Information:
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