Useful country information
Land area: 35,919 sq mi (93,030 sq km)
Capital: Budapest, pop. 1.737 million
National Holiday: Saint Stephen's Day (8/20)
Population: 9,850,845 (July 2017 est.)
Population Change: Growth rate: -0.25%; 9 births/1,000 population, 12.8 deaths/1,000 population, 1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.); infant mortality rate: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy: 76.1 years
Languages: Hungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2%
Ethnicity/race: Hungarian 85.6%, Romani 3.2%, German 1.9%, other 2.6%, unspecified 14.1% (2011 est.)
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic group; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5?10% of Hungary's population
Religions: Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011 est.)
Literacy rate: 99.1% (2015 est.)
Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II.
In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. In the more open GORBACHEV years, Hungary led the movement to dissolve the Warsaw Pact and steadily shifted toward multiparty democracy and a market-oriented economy.
Following the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Hungary developed close political and economic ties to Western Europe. It joined NATO in 1999 and is a frontrunner in a future expansion of the EU.
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