Country's codes

International phone code for Jamaica: +1 876

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: JAM

    2 letters (internet domain): .JA

    Digital country code 388

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: JAM

FIFA code: JAM


Useful country information

Total area: 4,244 sq mi (10,991 sq km)

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Current government officials

Capital: Kingston, 571,000

Currency: Jamaican Dollar

National Holiday: Independence Day, August 6

 

Population: 2,930,050 (2014 est.)

Life Expectancy: 73.48 years

Languages: English, Jamaican Creole

Ethnicity/race: black 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 est.)

Religions: Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren .9%, and Moravian .7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.9%, Rastafari 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)

Literacy rate: 87% (2011 est.)

Background:

Jamaica is the third largest of the Caribbean islands, and the largest English-speaking island in the Caribbean Sea.

In pre-columbian times Jamaica was inhabited by an estimated 60,000 Arawak Indians. In 1494 Christopher Columbus "discovered" the island and claimed it at once for the King and Queen of Spain. In 1517 first Africans brought to Jamaica by the Spaniards. The British arrived in 1655, defeated the Spaniards and claimed the island for the King of England.

By the late 17th and early 18th centuries the island was virtually divided. Colonial planters and their slaves inhabited and worked in the costal plains, while high up in the Blue Mountains there lived fugitive slaves, the free community of the Maroons.

More than 300 years later on August 6, 1962, Jamaica became an independent sovereign state and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations.



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