Country's codes

International phone code for Kazakhstan: +7

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: KAZ

    2 letters (internet domain): .KZ

    Digital country code 398

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 487

Olympic country code: KAZ

FIFA code: KAZ


Useful country information

Total area: 1,049,150 sq mi (2,717,300 sq km)

Population (2022 est.): 19 million

Capital (2022 est.): Astana 1,212,000

Capital City
Astana: Capital City Profile

Monetary unit: Tenge

Current government officials

Languages: Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.8%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.5% (2009 census)

Religions: Islam 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%

National Holiday: Independence Day, December 16


 

Background:

Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation.
The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936.
During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate.
Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; and continuing to strengthen relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

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