Useful country information
Total area: 9,781 sq mi (25,333 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 2,091,719 (growth rate: 0.21%); birth rate: 11.64/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.9/1000; life expectancy: 75.8
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Skopje, 499,000
Monetary unit: Denar
Languages: Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Ethnicity/race: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
Religions: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)
National Holiday: Ilinden Uprising Day, August 2
Literacy rate: 97.4% (2010 est.)
North Macedonia is a landlocked state in the heart of the Balkans and is slightly smaller than the state of Vermont. It is a mountainous country with small basins of agricultural land. The Vardar is the largest and most important river.
International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's (FYROM) independence from Yugoslavia was delayed by Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbol.
Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over FYROM's use of "Macedonia." FYROM's large Albanian minority and the de facto independence of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.
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