Useful country information
Total area: 318,694 sq mi (825,418 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 2.587 million
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Windhoek, 446,000.
Windhoek: Capital City Profile
Monetary unit: Namibian dollar
Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama: 1%
Ethnicity/race: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%. Note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
Religions: Christian 80%?90% (Lutheran at least 50%), indigenous beliefs 10%?20%
National Holiday: Independence Day, March 21
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South Africa occupied the German colony of Süd-West Afrika during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory.
In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia. Still, it was not until 1988 that the apartheid regime of South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Independence came in 1990.
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