Useful country information
3 letters NRU,
2 letters (internet domain) .NR,
digital country code 520
Total area: 8 sq mi (21 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 9,488 (growth rate: 0.56%); birth rate: 25.61/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.21/1000; life expectancy: 66.4
Capital: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
Monetary unit: Australian dollar
Languages: Nauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%) note: percentages represent main language spoken at home; Nauruan is spoken by 95% of the population, English by 66%, and other languages by 12% (2011 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Religions: Protestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist .7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1% (2011 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, January 31.
The smallest republic in the world, with a single island of just 21 sq km. Therfore this page is also very small but well-elaborated.
Nauru achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999.
Revenues of the island have come from exports of phosphates, but reserves are nearing exhaustion in 2005. Since few other resources exist Nauru relies on imports for almost everything, mainly from Australia, the islands former occupier and later major source of support. In 2001 Nauru signed an agreement with Australia to accommodate more than 1000 asylum seekers on the island, in return for millions of dollars in aid.
other nations of Micronesia: Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
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