Country's codes

International phone code for Nicaragua: +505

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: NIC

    2 letters (internet domain): .NI

    Digital country code 558

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 873

Olympic country code: NCA

FIFA code: NCA


Useful country information

Total area: 49,998 sq mi (129,494 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 5,848,641 (growth rate: 1.02%); birth rate: 18.41/1000; infant mortality rate: 20.36/1000; life expectancy: 72.72

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Managua, 970,000

Monetary unit: Gold cordoba

National name: Repblica de Nicaragua

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5%; English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (2005)

Ethnicity/race: mestizo 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2% (Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%), Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, other 1.6%, none 15.7% (2005 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15

Literacy rate: 78% (2005 est.)

Background:

Nicaragua is the largest country but most sparsely populated of the Central American nations,. Settled as a colony of Spain in the 1520s, Nicaragua gained its independence in 1821.
Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990 and again in 1996 saw the Sandinistas defeated. The country has slowly rebuilt its economy during the 1990s, but was hard hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.

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