Useful country information
Land area: 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi).
Population (2020): 24.21 million
Capital city: Niamey
Monetary unit: West African CFA franc
Language: The official languages are French and Arabic. Other languages are Hausa (by half of the population), Djerma, Fulani, Manga, and Tuareg dialects.
Ethnicity/race: The largest ethnic groups in Niger are the Hausa. The Fulani are another important nomadic group. Niger is also home to Kanuri, Gurma, Tabu, and Arab minorities.
National Holiday: August 3 - Nigerien Independence Day. Cure Salee is the largest traditional festival celebrated in the third week of September.
Religion: More than 98 percent of the population is Muslim with the vast majority being Sunni. Less than 1 percent are Shia. Roman Catholics, Protestants, and other religious groups account for less than 2 percent of the population.
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa. It is a unitary state bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.
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