Country's codes

International phone code for North Korea: +850

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: PRK

    2 letters (internet domain): .KP

    Digital country code 408

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 867

Olympic country code: PRK

FIFA code: PRK


Useful country information

Total area: 46,540 sq mi (120,540 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 24,589,122 (growth rate: 0.535%); birth rate: 14.51/1000; infant mortality rate: 26.21/1000; life expectancy: 69.2

Capital and largest city (2003): Pyongyang, 3,222,000 (metro. area), 2,767,900

Monetary unit: won

National name: Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk

Current government officials

Language: Korean

Ethnicity/race: racially homogeneous; small Chinese community, a few ethnic Japanese

Religions: traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)

National Holiday: Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, September 9

Literacy rate: 99% (1991 est.)

Background:

Following World War II, Korea was split with the northern half coming under Communist domination and the southern portion becoming Western oriented. KIM Chong-il has ruled North Korea since his father and the country's founder, president KIM Il-sung, died in 1994. After decades of mismanagement, the North relies heavily on international food aid to feed its population, while continuing to expend resources to maintain an army of about 1 million. North Korea's long-range missile development and research into nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and massive conventional armed forces are of major concern to the international community.

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