Country's codes

International phone code for Paraguay: +595

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: PRY

    2 letters (internet domain): .PY

    Digital country code: 600

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 784

Olympic country code: PAR

FIFA code: PAR

Useful country information

Land area: 153,398 sq mi (397,301 sq km); total area: 157,046 sq mi (406,750 sq km)

Population (2020 est.): 7,132,538 (growth rate: 1.19%); birth rate: 16.66/1000; infant mortality rate: 20.75/1000; life expectancy: 76.8; density per sq mi: 39

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Asuncin, 2.139 million

Other large cities: Ciudad del Este, 320,782; San Lorenzo, 271,064

Monetary unit: Guaran

National name: Repblica del Paraguay

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish, Guaran (both official)

Ethnicity/race: mestizo 95%, other 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002)

Literacy rate: 93.9% (2010 est.)


In the early 16th century Europeans arrived in the area inhabited by seminomadic Guarani-speaking tribes called Cayua or Caingua, "men of the forest". In 1537 the Spaniards founded Asunción which became the center of a Spanish colonial province. Paraguay declared its independence by overthrowing the local Spanish authorities in 1811.
In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay (1865-70), Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia.
The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
The country remains one of the poorest in the region with over 40% of its people living in poverty. Much of the land is in the hands of a tiny elite and successive governments have been slow to implement land reform.
In spring 2017 Paraguay's congress building was set on fire as election protests turned deadly after a vote to let President Horacio Cartes, from the right-wing Colorado Party, run again. President Cartes is one of Paraguay's wealthiest people and part of the tiny elite that controls just about everything in the country.

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