Country's codes

International phone code for Tajikistan: +992

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: TJK

    2 letters (internet domain): .TJ

    Digital country code 762

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 488

Olympic country code: TJK

FIFA code: TJK


Useful country information

Total area:   55,251 sq mi (143,100 sq km)

Population: 9,537,645 (growth rate: 1.75%); birth rate: 24.99/1000; infant mortality rate: 35.03/1000; life expectancy: 67.06; density per sq mi: 125.8

Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Dushanbe, 778,500

Other large city (2014 est.): Khujand, 584,400 (metro area)

Monetary unit: somoni

Republic of Tajikistan

National name: Jumhurii Tojikiston

Current government officials

Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Ethnicity/race: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000)

Religions: Islam: Sunni 85%, Shiite 5%; other 10% (2003 est.)

Literacy rate: 99.7% (2011 est.)

National Holiday: September 9, Tajikistan Independence Day.

Background:

Ninety-three percent of Tajikistan's territory is mountainous, and the mountain glaciers are the source of its rivers.

Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR.

A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government.

Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.



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