Country's codes

International phone code for Uzbekistan: +998

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: UZB

    2 letters (internet domain): .UZ

    Digital country code 860

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 478

Olympic country code: UZB

FIFA code: UZB


Useful country information

Total area: 172,741 sq mi (447,400 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 28,929,716 (growth rate: 0.93%); birth rate: 17.02/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.84/1000; life expectancy: 73.29; density per sq mi: 159.1

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Tashkent, 2.227 million

Other large cities: Namangan, 1.565 million; Andijan, 1.448 million; Samarkand, 1.309 million

Monetary unit: Uzbekistani sum

National name: Ozbekiston Respublikasi

Current government officials

Languages: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

Ethnicity/race: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazak 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)

Religions: Islam (mostly Sunnis) 88%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%

Literacy rate: 99.4% (2011 est.)

Background:

Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1925.

During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry.

Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves.
Current concerns include insurgency by Islamic militants based in Tajikistan and Afghanistan, a non-convertible currency, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.


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