Country's codes

International phone code for Venezuela: +58

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: VEN

    2 letters (internet domain): .VE

    Digital country code 862

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 759

Olympic country code: VEN

FIFA code: VEN


Useful country information

Total area: 352,144 sq mi (912,050 sq km)

Population (2022 est.): 28.7 million

Capital (2022 est.): 2,946,000

Capital City
Caracas: Capital City Profile

Largest cities (2011): Maracaibo, 2.31 million; Valencia, 1.866 million; Barquisimeto, 1.245 million; Maracay, 1.115 million; Ciudad Guayana, 799,000

Monetary unit: Bolivar

National name: Repblica Bolivariana de Venezuela

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Ethnicity/race: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Religions: Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%


Background:

Venezuela was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Ecuador).
For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959.

Under Hugo CHAVEZ, president from 1999 to 2013, and his hand-picked successor, President Nicolas MADURO, the executive branch has exercised increasingly authoritarian control over other branches of government. At the same time, democratic institutions have deteriorated, threats to freedom of expression have increased, and political polarization has grown.

Current concerns include: an increasingly politicised military, rampant violent crime, high inflation, and widespread shortages of basic consumer goods, medicine, and medical supplies, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.

travel destinations

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