Country's codes

International phone code for Algeria: +213

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: DZA

    2 letters (internet domain): .DZ

    digital country code 012

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 613 

Olympic country code: ALG 

FIFA code: ALG 


Useful country information

Total area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km)

Population (2020 est.): 43.85

Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Algiers,  2,854,000

Capital City
Algiers: Capital City Profile

Other large cities: Oran, 783,000; Constantine, 530,100; Batna, 278,100; Annaba, 246,700

Monetary unit: Dinar

National name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah

Current government officials

Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

Religion: Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1%

National Holiday: Revolution Day, November 1

Literacy rate: 79%


Background:

Algeria's indigenous Berber people has been under foreign rule for much of the last 3000 years. The Phoenicians (1000 BC) and the Romans (200 BC) were the most important of these. With the incursion of Muslim Arabs in the 7th-8th century into the region, Islamic influence came to the Berbers and almost a millenium of domination by Arab dynasties.

In the beginning of the 16th century the region was placed under protection of the Ottoman Sultan of Istanbul, followed by reigns of Ottoman beys, pachas, and aghas, brought to an end with the beginning of the French colonization in 1830.

The French occupation condemned Algeria's population to economic, social and political inferiority and caused an armed resistance lasting for decades. After a century of rule by France, Algeria became independent in 1962 and Arabic became official language - with a little help of Quran teachers from Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
Since then le pouvoir ("the power"), an elite of business leaders and generals behind a democratic façade has run Algeria.


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