Country's codes

International phone code for Azerbaijan: +994

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: AZE

    2 letters (internet domain): .AZ

    Digital country code 031

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 4769

Olympic country code: AZE

FIFA code: AZE


Useful country information

Total area:  33,436 sq mi (86,600 sq km); total area: 33,436 sq mi (86,600 sq km)

Population (2020 est.): 10,139,177 (growth rate: 0.99%); birth rate: 16.96/1000; infant mortality rate: 26.67/1000; life expectancy: 71.91

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Baku, 2.123 million

Other large cities (2004 est.): Ganja, 303,000; Sumgait, 280,500

Monetary unit: Manat

National Name: Azarbaycan Respublikasi

Current government officials

Languages: Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)

Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.). Note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower

National Holiday: Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, May 28

Literacy rate: 99.8% (2010 est.)

Background:

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in 1918, it was the first democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world, but was incorporated into the Soviet Union only two years later. The country regained independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Azerbaijan is one of the six modern independent Turkic states. 95% of its population are Muslims, 85% are Shia Muslims and 15% Sunni Muslims, making Azerbaijan the country with the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.

Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Russia recognized as part of Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory.

Corruption in Azerbaijan is ubiquitous, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism.
 

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