Useful country information
Total area: 33,436 sq mi (86,600 sq km); total area: 33,436 sq mi (86,600 sq km)
Population (2020 est.): 10,139,177 (growth rate: 0.99%); birth rate: 16.96/1000; infant mortality rate: 26.67/1000; life expectancy: 71.91
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Baku, 2.123 million
Other large cities (2004 est.): Ganja, 303,000; Sumgait, 280,500
Monetary unit: Manat
National Name: Azarbaycan Respublikasi
Languages: Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.). Note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower
National Holiday: Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, May 28
Literacy rate: 99.8% (2010 est.)
Azerbaijan is one of the six modern independent Turkic states. 95% of its population are Muslims, 85% are Shia Muslims and 15% Sunni Muslims, making Azerbaijan the country with the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.
Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Russia recognized as part of Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory.
Corruption in Azerbaijan is ubiquitous, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism.
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