California Map
California is the third largest state in the United States, bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west and bordered by Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona; it shares a border with Mexico in the south. it is the most populous U.S. state.


Settled by successive waves of arrivals during at least the last 13,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America.

The first Europeans to explore the California coast were the members of a Spanish sailing expedition led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. Cabrillo was commissioned by the Viceroy of New Spain in Mexico City to lead an expedition up the Pacific coast in search of trade opportunities; they entered San Diego Bay on September 28, 1542.

In 1821, the Mexican War of Independence gave the Mexican Empire (which included California) independence from Spain. For the next 25 years, Alta California remained a remote, sparsely populated, northwestern administrative district of the newly independent country of Mexico, which shortly after independence became a republic. In 1846, a group of American settlers rebelled against Mexican and announced the califrnia republic at Sonoma. The Republic's only president was William B. Ide.

The California Republic was short-lived;the same year marked the outbreak of the Mexican–American War (1846–48). After a series of defensive battles in Southern California, the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed by the Californios on January 13, 1847, securing American control in California.


Image by David Mark from Pixabay

California State Facts

State Capital Sacramento
State Size Total (Land + Water): 163,696 sq miles; Land Only: 155,959 sq miles
Number of Counties 58
Time Zone Pacific Time Zone
Bordering States Arizona, Nevada, Oregon
Highest Point Mount Whitney, 14,505 feet
National Parks Channel Islands National Park
Death Valley National Park
Joshua Tree National Park
Kings Canyon National Park
Lassen Volcanic National Park
Pinnacles National Park
Redwood National Park
Sequoia National Park
Yosemite National Park
State Population (2020) 39,538,223
State Population Density 253.5 people / square mile
Area Codes 209, 213, 279, 310, 323, 341, 408, 415, 424, 442, 510, 530, 559, 562, 619, 626, 628, 650, 657, 661, 669, 707, 714, 747, 760, 764, 805, 818, 820, 831, 840, 858, 909, 916, 925, 935, 949, 951

California Map


States of The Unites States Read More!


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