Useful country information
Land area: 68,154 sq mi (176,519 sq km); total area: 69,900 sq mi (181,040 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 16.95 million
Phnom Penh: Capital City Profile
Monetary unit: Riel
National Name: Preahreacheanacha Kampuchea
Languages: Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
National Holiday: Independence Day, November 9
Religions: Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)
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Following a five-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1 million displaced people died from execution or enforced hardships.
A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off 13 years of fighting.
UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy, as did the rapid diminishment of the Khmer Rouge in the mid-1990s.
A coalition government, formed after national elections in 1998, brought renewed political stability and the surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge forces.
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