Country's codes

International phone code for Canada: +1

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: CAN

    2 letters (internet domain): . CA

    Digital country code: 124

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 754-755

Olympic country code: CAN

FIFA code: CAN


Useful country information

Total area: 3,855,102 sq mi (9,984,670 sq km)

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (Since 1952)

Current government officials

Capital: Ottawa, 1,017,449 (2022)

Capital City
Ottawa: Capital City Profile

Other large cities: Toronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011 est.)

Currency: Canadian Dollar

National Holiday: Canada Day (7/1)

Population: 37,742,154 (2021 est.)

Life Expectancy: 81.67 years

Languages: English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)

Religions: Catholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)


Background:

Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources; it became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. In 1982, Canada entirely broke from its colonial past; it transferred the country's highest law, the British North America Act (which was renamed the Constitution Act, 1867), from the British Parliament's authority to Canada's federal and provincial legislatures.

Economically and technologically, Canada has developed in parallel with the US. The country faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness and responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.


travel destinations

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