Useful country information
Land area: 289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km)
Total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km)
Total Population: 19.21 million
Capital: Santiago, 6,812,000 (2022.)
Santiago: Capital City Profile
Other large cities: Valparaiso 967,000; Concepcion 857,000 (2018)
Currency: Chilean Peso
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18
Population: 19,789,267 (2022 est.)
Life Expectancy: 78.9 years (2017 est.)
Nationality/Demonym: Chilean (Chileno/a)
Languages: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3%
Religions: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)
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A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.
Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.
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