Country's codes

International phone code for Chile: +56

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: CHL

    2 letters (internet domain): .CL

    Digital country code 152

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode):  780

Olympic country code: CHI

FIFA code: CHI


Useful country information

Land area: 289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km)

Total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km)

Total Population: 19.21 million

Current government officials

Capital: Santiago,  6,812,000 (2022.)

Capital City
Santiago: Capital City Profile

Other large cities: Valparaiso 967,000; Concepcion 857,000 (2018)

Currency: Chilean Peso

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18

 Population: 19,789,267 (2022 est.)

Life Expectancy: 78.9 years (2017 est.)

 Nationality/Demonym: Chilean (Chileno/a)

Languages: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3%

(2012 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)


Background:

A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.

Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.



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