Diego Garcia is an island of the British Indian Ocean Territory, a disputed overseas territory of the United Kingdom. It is a militarised atoll just south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to find it and it was then settled by the French in the 1790s and transferred to British rule after the Napoleonic Wars. It was one of the "Dependencies" of the British Colony of Mauritius until the Chagos Islands were detached for inclusion in the newly created British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) in 1965.

In the contemporary era, the atoll plays a key role in America's approach to the Indian Ocean as a flexible forward military hub that can facilitate a range of offensive activities..

Diego Garcia is part of the British Indian Ocean Territory

 


Capital cities
From: Wikimedia Commons

 

Diego Garcia Map


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