Country's codes

International phone code for Eritrea: +291

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: ERI

    2 letters (internet domain): .ER

    Digital country code: 232

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: ERI

FIFA code: ERI


Useful country information

Total area: 46,842 sq mi (121,320 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 6,380,803 (growth rate: 2.3%); birth rate: 30.69/1000; infant mortality rate: 38.44/1000; life expectancy: 63.51

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Asmara, 712,000

Other large cities: the ports of Massawa, 30,700; and Assab, 56,300

Monetary unit: Nakfa

Current government officials

Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Ethnicity/race: nine recognized ethnic groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5% (2010 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, May 24

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Literacy rate: 68.9% (2011 est.)

Background:

Eritrea is located in Eastern Africa in the Horn of Africa, to the North of Ethiopia and bordering the Red Sea in Northeast. It has a mixed Afro-Asiatic population that is divided by religion and language. The former Italian and British colony gained formal independence from Ethiopia, its last colonizer, in 1993. But independence did not end the wars in Eritrea. Conflicts with Yemen and Ethiopia followed.

Country Map

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Source of Information: