on 29 April 2021

Country's codes

International phone code for Finland: +358

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: FIN

    2 letters (internet domain): .FI

    Digital country code 246

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 640-649 

Olympic country code: FIN 

FIFA code: FIN

Useful country information

Land area: 117,942 sq mi (305,470 sq km); total area: 130,558 sq mi (338,145 sq km)

Population: 5,268,799 (growth rate: 0.56%); birth rate: 10.35/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.36/1000; life expectancy: 79.69

Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Helsinki, 1.17 million

Other large cities: Espoo, 229,500; Tampere, 201,200; Vantaa, 189,200; Turku, 178,100

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly markka)

National name: Suomen Tasavalta?Republiken Finland

Current government officials

Languages: Finnish (official) 89.3%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, other (includes small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities) 5.4% (2013 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)

Religions: Lutheran 78.4%, Orthodox 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.2%, none 19.2% (2010 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, December 6

Literacy rate: 100% (2012 est.)


Ruled by Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries and by Russia from 1809, Finland finally won its independence in 1917.

During World War II, Finland was able to successfully defend its freedom and fend off invasions by the Soviet Union and Germany.

In the subsequent half century, the Finns have made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe.

As a member of the European Union, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

Country Map


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