Country's codes

International phone code for Guinea-Bissau: +245

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: GNB

    2 letters (internet domain): .GW

    Digital country code 624

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: GBS

FIFA code: GNB


Useful country information

Land area: 10,811 sq mi (28,000 sq km); total area: 13,946 sq mi (36,120 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 1,693,398 (growth rate: 1.93%); birth rate: 33.83/1000; infant mortality rate: 90.92/1000; life expectancy: 49.87

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Bissau, 423,000

Monetary unit: CFA Franc

National name: Rpublica da Guin-Bissau

Current government officials

Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages

Ethnicity/race: African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%

Religions: Islam 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 10%

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 24

Literacy rate: 55.43% (2011 est.)

Background:

In former times the region of today Guinea-Bissau was part of the Kaabu Empire, a Mandinka kingdom (1537–1867) and a former province of the Mali Empire. The entire country became a Portuguese colony in the 19th century, known as Portuguese Guinea. In September 1973 the country declared independence as Guinea-Bissau.

In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president, VIEIRA was a key figure in struggle against Portuguese colonial rule. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country's first free elections.

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