Useful country information
Land area: 76,004 sq mi (196,850 sq km); total area: 83,000 sq mi (214,970 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 790,329
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Georgetown, 240,000
Georgetown: Capital City Profile
Monetary unit: Guyanese dollar
Languages: English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Ethnicity/race: East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
Religions: Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)
National Holiday: Republic Day, February 23
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Guyana (formerly known as British Guiana) achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970.
In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program, which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled, socialist economy towards a more open, free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.
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