Country's codes

International phone code for  Indonesia: +62

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: IDN

    2 letters (internet domain): .ID

    Digital country code 360

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 899

Olympic country code: INA

FIFA code: IDN


Useful country information

Total area: 741,096 sq mi (1,919,440 sq km)

Population (2022 est.): 276.4 million

Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Jakarta, 10,915,000

Capital City
Jakarta: Capital City Profile

Other large cities: Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million

Monetary unit: Rupiah

National name: Republik Indonesia

Current government officials

Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects

Ethnicity/race: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)

Religions: Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, August 17


Background:

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. The islands are located at a crossroads between two oceans, the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and straddles two continents, Asia and Australia/Oceania. Its strategic location in maritime Southeast Asia has always shaped the cultural, social, political and economic life of the country, which only gained independence from the Netherlands in 1949.

Influenced for centuries by Indian culture, which brought Hinduism and Buddhism, the archipelago gradually adopted Islam between the 13th and 16th centuries.
The Dutch began colonizing Indonesia in the early 17th century; Imperial Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945.
Indonesia declared independence shortly before Japan surrendered to Allied forces. Still, it took four years of sometimes brutal fighting, interrupted negotiations and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949.



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