Useful country information
Total area: 62 sq mi (161 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 37,313 (growth rate: 0.82%); birth rate: 10.53/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.33/1000; life expectancy: 81.68
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Vaduz, 5,000
Monetary unit: Swiss franc
National name: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein
Languages: German 94.5% (official) (Alemannic is the main dialect), Italian 1.1%, other 4.3% (2010 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Liechtensteiner 65.6%, other 34.4% (2000 census)
Religions: Roman Catholic (official) 75.9%, Protestant Reformed 6.5%, Muslim 5.4%, Lutheran 1.3%, other 2.9%, none 5.4%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)
National Holiday: Assumption Day, August 15
Literacy rate: 100%
The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719; it became a sovereign state in 1806. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to conclude a customs and monetary union with Switzerland.
Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral) the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. However, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight have resulted in concerns about the use of the financial institutions for money laundering. Liechtenstein implemented anti-money laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US in 2003 and further anti-money laundering regulations like the Due Diligence Act (DDA) in 2009 and 2013.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and others)
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