Country's codes

International phone code for Luxembourg: +352

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: LUX

    2 letters (internet domain): .LU

    Digital country code 442

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 540-549

Olympic country code: LUX

FIFA code: LUX

Useful country information

Total area: 998 sq mi (2,585 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 520,672 (growth rate: 1.12%); birth rate: 11.75/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.28/1000; life expectancy: 80.01

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Luxembourg, 94,000

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly Luxembourg franc)

National name: Grand-Duch de Luxembourg

Current government officials

Languages: Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)

Ethnicity/race: Luxembourger 63.1%, Portuguese 13.3%, French 4.5%, Italian 4.3%, German 2.3%, other EU 7.3%, other 5.2% (2000 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 87%; Protestant, Jewish, Islamic 13% (2000)

National Holiday: National Day, June 23

Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)


Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.

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