on 29 April 2021

Country's codes

International phone code for Moldova: +373

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: MDA

    2 letters (internet domain): .MD

    Digital country code 498

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 484

Olympic country code: MDA

FIFA code: MDA

Useful country information

Total area: 13,067 sq mi (33,843 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 3,538,288 (growth rate: ?1.02%); birth rate: 12.21/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.93/1000; life expectancy: 70.12

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Chisinau, 677,000

Monetary unit: Leu

National name: Republica Moldova

Current government officials

Languages: Moldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% note: percentages represent lanugage usually spoken (2004 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Moldovan 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Romanian 2.2%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1%, unspecified 0.4% note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region (2004 est.)

Religions: Orthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2% (2004 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, August 27

Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.)


Formerly ruled by Romania, Moldova became part of the Soviet Union at the close of World War II.
Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru (Dnister) River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a communist as its president in 2001.
In 2014 the Moldovan Government signed an Association Agreement with the EU, advancing the Coalition's policy priority of EU integration.

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