Country's codes

International phone code for Mongolia: +976

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: MNG

    2 letters (internet domain): .MN

    Digital country code 496

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 865

Olympic country code: MGL

FIFA code: MGL


Useful country information

Total area: 04,247 sq mi (1,565,000 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 2,953,190 (growth rate: 1.37%); birth rate: 20.88/1000; infant mortality rate: 23.15/1000; life expectancy: 68.98

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Ulaan Baatar, 1.184 million

Monetary unit: Tugrik

National name: Mongol Uls

Current government officials

Languages: Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)

Ethnicity/race: Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)

Religions: Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day/Revolution Day, July 11

Literacy rate: 97.4% (2011 est.)

Background:

Mongolia is a land locked country lies in central Asia between Siberia on the north and China on the south. It is slightly larger than Alaska.

Long a province of China, Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A communist regime was installed in 1924. During the early 1990s, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) gradually yielded its monopoly on power. In 1996, the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) defeated the MPRP in a national election. Over the next four years the Coalition implemented a number of key reforms to modernize the economy and institutionalize democratic reforms. However, the former communists were a strong opposition that stalled additional reforms and made implementation difficult. In 2000, the MPRP won 72 of the 76 seats in Parliament and completely reshuffled the government. While it continues many of the reform policies, the MPRP is focusing on social welfare and public order priorities

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