Useful country information
Total area: 172,413 sq mi (446,550 sq km)
Population (2017 est.): 37.34 million
Capital (2022.): Rabat, 1,907,000
Rabat: Capital City Profile
Largest cities: Casablanca, 3,397,000; Fez, 941,800; Marrakech, 755,200
Monetary unit: Dirham
National name: al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99.1%, Jewish 0.2%, other 0.7%
Religions: Islam 99%, Christian 1%
National Holiday: Throne Day, July 30
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Morocco, about one-tenth larger than California, lies across the Strait of Gibraltar on the Mediterranean and looks out on the Atlantic from the northwest shoulder of Africa.
Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year.
Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.
Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature in 1997.
Morocco is a member state of the League of Arab States
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