Country's codes

International phone code for Myanmar: +95

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: MMR

    2 letters (internet domain): .MM

    Digital country code 104

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: MYA 

FIFA code: MYA 


Useful country information

Total area: 261,969 q mi (678,500 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 55,746,253 (growth rate: 1.03%); birth rate: 19.11/1000; infant mortality rate: 47.74/1000; life expectancy: 65.24; density per sq km: 72

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Rangoon, 4.457 million

Other large cities: Mandalay, 1.063 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.06 million

Monetary unit: Kyat

National name: Pyidaungsu Myanmar Naingngandau

Current government officials

Languages: Burmese, minority languages

Ethnicity/race: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Mon 2%, Indian 2%, other 5%

Religions: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Islam 4%, Animist 1%, other 2%

Literacy rate: 92.7% (2011 est.)

Background:

Myanmar occupies the Thailand/Cambodia portion of the Indochinese peninsula. India lies to the northwest and China to the northeast. Bangladesh, Laos, and Thailand are also neighbors. 

The ethnic origins of modern Myanmar (known historically as Burma) are a mixture of Indo-Aryans, who began pushing into the area around 700 B.C., and the Mongolian invaders under Kublai Khan who penetrated the region in the 13th century. Burma was annexed by the British Empire into the colony of India in 1886. The occupation brought social, economic, cultural and administrative changes to the once-feudal society. The Japanese Empire, supported by the Burmese Independence Army, invaded and occupied (British) Burma during World War II and nominally declared the colony independent as the State of Burma (1942). In 1945, however, Burma returned to British control until the country's independence in 1948.

On 8 November 2020, general elections were held in Myanmar, and Aung San Suu Kyi's party (NLD) won the majority. But the military-backed opposition has demanded a re-run of the election. In February 2021, Myanmar's leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other senior figures from the ruling party were detained by the military. Protests erupted on the streets of the country's major cities against Min Aung Hlaing's orchestrated military coup.

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