Useful country information
Total area: 2,031 sq mi (212,460 sq km)1
Population (2014 est.): 3,219,775 (growth rate: 2.06%); birth rate: 24.47/1000; infant mortality rate: 14/1000; life expectancy: 74.97
Capital (2011 est.): Muscat, 743,000
Monetary unit: Omani rial
National name: Saltanat Uman
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Ethnicity/race: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Religions: Muslim (official; majority are Ibadhi, lesser numbers of Sunni and Shia) 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <.1, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% note: approximately 75% of Omani citizens, who compose almost 70% of the country's total population, are Ibadhi Muslims; the Omani government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation (2013)
National Holiday: Birthday of Sultan Qaboos, November 18
Literacy rate: 86.9% (2010 est.)
Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa, and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.
In 1970 QABOOS bin Said Al Said overthrew his father and ruled as Sultan until his death in 2020. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the United Kingdom.
Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.
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