Country's codes

International phone code for Oman: +968

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: OMN

    2 letters (internet domain): .OM

    Digital country code 512

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: OMA

FIFA code: OMA


Useful country information

Total area: 2,031 sq mi (212,460 sq km)1

Population (2014 est.): 3,219,775 (growth rate: 2.06%); birth rate: 24.47/1000; infant mortality rate: 14/1000; life expectancy: 74.97

Capital (2011 est.): Muscat, 743,000

Monetary unit: Omani rial

National name: Saltanat Uman

Current government officials

Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Ethnicity/race: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Religions: Muslim (official; majority are Ibadhi, lesser numbers of Sunni and Shia) 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <.1, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% note: approximately 75% of Omani citizens, who compose almost 70% of the country's total population, are Ibadhi Muslims; the Omani government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation (2013)

National Holiday: Birthday of Sultan Qaboos, November 18

Literacy rate: 86.9% (2010 est.)

Background:

Oman lies at the eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula. The Emirates of Sharjah and Fujairah (UAE) separate the main part of Oman from the northernmost part of the state, a peninsula (Musandam) extending into the Strait of Hormuz.

Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa, and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.

In 1970 QABOOS bin Said Al Said overthrew his father and ruled as Sultan until his death in 2020. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the United Kingdom.

Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries. 

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