Country's codes

International phone code for Palau: +680

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: PLW

    2 letters (internet domain): .PW

    Digital country code 585

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): -

Olympic country code: PLW

FIFA code: -


Useful country information

Total area: 177 sq mi (458 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 21,186 (growth rate: 0.36%); birth rate: 10.95/1000; infant mortality rate: 1.46/1000; life expectancy: 72.6; density per sq mi: 45.5

Capital: Melekeok, 1,000 (2011)
Largest City: Koror, 19,000 (2014)

Monetary unit: U.S. dollar used

National name: Beluu er a Belau

Current government officials

Languages: Palauan 66.6%, English 15.5%, Sonsoralese, Tobi, Angaur (each official on some islands), Filipino 10.8%, Chinese 1.8%, Carolinian 0.7%, other Micronesian 0.7%, other Asian 2.6%, other languages 1.3% (2005)

Ethnicity/race: Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 72.5%, Filipino 16.3%, Chinese 1.6%, other Asian 3.4%, white 0.9%, Carolinian 1%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other Micronesian 2.4%, other or unspecified 0.3% (2005 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 49.4%, Protestant 30.9%, Modekngei 8.7% (indigenous), Seventh-Day Adventist 5.3%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other religion 8.8%, unspecified or none 1.1% (2005 census)

National Holiday: Constitution Day, July 9

Literacy rate: 92% (2012 est.)

Background:

The Republic of Palau with its main island Babeldaob (Babelthuap), is an island nation in the northern Pacific Ocean, located some 700 km east of the Philippines, perched on the Kyushu-Palau Ridge. The westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands consists of 20 large islands and 566 smaller islands and is one of the world's youngest and least populated nations.
After 47 years as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), under US administration, Palau (Belau) opted for independence in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986, but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year, when the islands gained independence.

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