Useful country information
Total area: 75,749 sq mi (196,190 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 13,635,927 (growth rate: 2.48%); birth rate: 35.09/1000; infant mortality rate: 52.72/1000; life expectancy: 60.95; density per sq mi: 169.1
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Dakar, 3.035 million
Monetary unit: CFA Franc
National name: Rpublique du Snegal
Languages: French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Ethnicity/race: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Religions: Islam 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous 1%
National Holiday: Independence Day, April 4
Literacy rate: 49.7% (2009 est.)
The country, slightly smaller than South Dakota, surrounds Gambia on three sides and is bordered on the north by Mauritania, on the east by Mali, and on the south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau.
Independent from France in 1960, Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989.
Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group sporadically has clashed with government forces since 1982. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping
COUNTRY MAP WITH STATES/PROVINCES BOUNDARIES CLICK HERE
Source of Information: