Useful country information
Total area: 18,859 sq mi (48,845 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 5,443,583 (growth rate: 0.03%); birth rate: 10.01/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.35/1000; life expectancy: 76.69; density per sq mi: 287
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Bratislava, 434,000
Other large city: Kosice, 240,688
Monetary unit: Koruna
National name: Slovenska Republika
Languages: Slovak 78.6% (official), Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011)
Ethnicity/race: Slovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Roma 2%, other and unspecified 8.8% (2011)
Religions: Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, none 13.4%, other or unspecified 12.5% (2011)
National Holiday: September 1 os the Slovak Constitution Day.
Literacy rate: 99.6% (2004 est.)
In the chaos of World War II Slovakia became a separate republic in 1938, tightly controlled by Germany. Post World War II in 1945 with the Warsaw Pact Czechoslovakia has become a communist state within a Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. With the collapse of the Soviet influence in 1989 Czechoslovakia became a sovereign state.
Historic, political, and geographic factors have caused Slovakia to experience more difficulty than some of its Central European neighbors in developing from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy.
In 1993 the Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully. In 2004 Slovakia became a member of the European Union and the NATO.
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