Useful country information
Total area: 55,251 sq mi (143,100 sq km)
Population: 9.75 million
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Dushanbe, 962,000
Dushanbe: Capital City Profile
Other large city (2014 est.): Khujand, 584,400 (metro area)
Monetary unit: somoni
Republic of Tajikistan
National name: Jumhurii Tojikiston
Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
Ethnicity/race: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000)
Religions: Islam: Sunni 85%, Shiite 5%; other 10% (2003 est.)
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National Holiday: September 9, Tajikistan Independence Day.
Ninety-three percent of Tajikistan's territory is mountainous, and the mountain glaciers are the source of its rivers.
Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR.
A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government.
Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.
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