Texas Map
Texas is the second-largest (after Alaska) and the second most populous (after California) state of the USA. It features a 560 km (350 mi) long coastline on the Gulf of Mexico in the southeast, and a 3,169 km (1,969 mi) long border with Mexico.


Before Europeans arrived in the 1500s, Texas was the home to several Native American tribes. The Caddos lived in east Texas and were excellent farmers growing corn and sunflowers. The Karankawa people lived along the Gulf Coast of Texas. To the west and southwest were the Apache who were warlike and lived in wikiups or teepees.

The first historical document related to Texas was a map of the Gulf Coast, created in 1519 by Spanish explorer Alonso Álvarez de Pineda. Nine years later, shipwrecked Spanish explorer Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and his cohort became the first Europeans in what is now Texas.
Texas was a part of Mexico when Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. In 1825, American Stephen F. Austin established a colony in Texas. He arrived with around 300 families and settled the land with the approval of the Mexican government.
At the Battle of the Alamo in 1836, 180 Texans held off 4,000 Mexican soldiers for thirteen days before being killed. Despite the defeat, the Texans declared their independence and formed the Republic of Texas on March 2, 1836. Then, led by General Sam Houston, the Texans defeated the Mexicans at the Battle of San Jacinto.
On December 29, 1845 Texas was admitted as the 28th state. When the U.S. admitted Texas as a state, this sparked a war between the U.S. and Mexico called the Mexican-American War. After a series of United States victories, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the two-year war. In return, for US$18,250,000, Mexico gave the U.S. undisputed control of Texas, ceded the Mexican Cession in 1848, most of which today is called the American Southwest, and Texas's borders were established at the Rio Grande.


Dallas, TX. Photo by Pixabay

Texas State Facts

State Capital Austin
State Size Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Number of Counties 254
Time Zones Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Highest Point Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet
National Parks Big Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Population (2020) 29,145,505
Population Density 111.3 people / square mile
Area Codes 210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 726, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 945, 956, 972, 979

Texas Map


States of The Unites States Read More!


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