Useful country information
Total area: 32,278 sq mi (83,600 sq km)
Population (2020 est.): 9,890,402 (growth rate: 2.71%); birth rate: 15.54/1000; infant mortality rate: 10.92/1000; life expectancy: 77.09; density per sq mi: 256
Capital (2018 est.): Abu Dhabi, 1.45.0000
Largest city: Dubai, 1.978 million
Monetary unit: U.A.E. dirham
National name: Al-Imarat al-'Arabiyah al-Muttahidah
Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Ethnicity/race: Emiri 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
Religions: Muslim (Islam; official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (primarily Hindu and Buddhist, less than 5% of the population consists of Parsi, Baha'i, Druze, Sikh, Ahmadi, Ismaili, Dawoodi Bohra Muslim, and Jewish) 15%. Note: represents the total population; about 85% of the population consists of noncitizens (2005 est.)
National Holiday: National Day, December 2
Literacy rate: 90% (2005 est.)
In 1971 the former Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast, Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman (Ajman), Al Fujayrah (Fujairah), Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), and Umm al Qaywayn (Umm al-Qaiwain) merged to form the United Arab Emirates, joined by the Ra's al Khaymah (Ras al-Khaimah) emirate in 1972.
The UAE is the third-largest oil producer in the Gulf after Saudi Arabia and Iran.
he UAE has been successfully diversifying its economy, particularly in Dubai, but still remains heavily reliant on revenues from petroleum and natural gas, which continue to play a central role in its economy.
Tourism is one of the bigger non-oil sources of revenue in the UAE, with some of the world's most luxurious hotels being based in the UAE. A massive construction boom, an expanding manufacturing base, and a thriving services sector are helping the UAE diversify its economy.
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