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Muscat is the capital and largest city of The Sultanate of Oman. The city of Muscat has a population of 1,590 million people (2021). The official language is Arabic and English is used as an additional language for many purposes, including business and tourism purposes. Muscat is located on the north east coast of Oman.


People started living in the Muscat area about 2300 years ago but the first writings of the city are about 1900 years old in the 1st century CE. Muscat developed into an important city in the 9th century CE because of business and trade at the port. Portugal, Persian (Iran) and Turkey had many wars for control over Muscat from the 1500s to the 1700s. The Al Bu Sa 'id tribe has ruled Muscat since then.

Visit Muscat

Muscat has several tourist sites including seven museums, a fort, an old palace and a new opera house. The city has beaches with hotel resorts. People can do many water-sports including dolphin tours in the city's harbour. In 2016, 2.5 million tourists visited Muscat. 

Time in Muscat:

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Oman's official currency is the Oman Rial (OMR).

Important Numbers:

In case of emergency, please contact:
    AMBULANCE : 9999
    FIRE: 9999
    POLICE: 9999

International Emergency Phone Numbers. READ MORE


Muscat is the capital city of Oman.

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Muscat City Coordinates

Longitude and Longitude: 58.3631408, 23.5961637

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